Product Description

Product Description

High-Quality Speed Controller 1268-5403 DC Motor for Powered Pallet Truck 48V 400A

Product nume 

DC Motor Controller

Car Fitment Electric Sightseeing Bus lifted Golf Cart forlift etc.
Voltage Options 48V Current 400A
Model 1268-5403 Temperature -40°C to 50°C
Color Black Type DC Motor
Size 23X17.7X8CM Warranty 1 year
MOQ 50 PCS Port HangZhou/ZheJiang


The CHINAMFG model 1232E provides advanced control of AC induction motors performing on-vehicle traction drive or hydraulic pump duties and offers the highest levels of functional safety.


* Maximum controller output frequency: 300 Hz
* Heatsink overtemperature cutoff: linear cutback starts at 85°C; complete cutoff at 95°C
* Heatsink undertemperature cutoff: complete cutoff at -40°C

The ‘E’ difference: a significant enhancement to the CHINAMFG AC family, The ‘E’ models utilize a powerful dual-microprocessor logic architecture to provide improved performance and surpass the requirements of the latest international functional safety standards.CURTIS controllers 1232E provide advanced control of AC induction motors performing on-vehicle traction drive or hydraulic pump duties. They offer vehicle developers a highly cost-effective combination of power, performance and functionality. Designed primarily for use on small to medium material handling vehicles such as counterbalance or warehouse trucks. The Model 1232E is equally suitable for industrial utility vehicles.

It is supposed that the CHINAMFG AC Controller need to be programmed before applying to a specific application. For the buyer without AC MOTOR CONTROLLER PROGRAMMING EXPERIENCE, please consult your cart/motor dealer and read carefully the CHINAMFG 1232E AC Motor Controller Datasheet before making your purchase.


As a professional supplier, we possess OEM programs (controller settings) of certain utility vehicles and forklifts. Buyers may contact us and send us the vehicle (forklift) information (manufacturer, model, year of production, etc.), for knowing if we can provide the controller with its OEM program.

According to the vehicle type and buyer’s requirement, we may reprogram the controller 1232E-5221 with CHINAMFG CURTIS Model1232E-5221 Handheld Programmer or CHINAMFG 1314 PC programming station. There is no extra cost for reprogramming the controller.



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Q1.Can I have a sample order?
A: Yes, we welcome sample order to test and check quality.

Q2. Do you have any MOQ limit?
A: Small quantity is accepted , but we offer quantity discount.

Q3. How do you ship the goods and how long does it take to arrive?
A: We usually ship by DHL, UPS, FedEx or TNT. It usually takes 3-5 days to arrive. Airline and sea shipping also optional.

Q4. Can you produce according to the samples?
A: Yes, we can produce by your samples or technical drawings. We can build the molds and fixtures.

Q5. Do you test all your goods before delivery?
A: Yes, we have 100% test before delivery.

Q6. Is it OK to print my logo on the product?
A: Yes. Please inform us formally before our production and confirm the design firstly based on our sample.

Q7. How to proceed an order?
A: Firstly let us know your requirements or application.
Secondly We quote according to your requirements or our suggestions.
Thirdly customer confirms the samples and places deposit for formal order.
Fourthly We arrange the production and Shipping.
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After-sales Service: Support Online Services
Warranty: 2 Years
Certification: ISO: 9001
US$ 560/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)


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Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

dc motor

How does the speed control of a DC motor work, and what methods are commonly employed?

The speed control of a DC (Direct Current) motor is essential for achieving precise control over its rotational speed. Various methods can be employed to regulate the speed of a DC motor, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation of how speed control of a DC motor works and the commonly employed methods:

1. Voltage Control:

One of the simplest methods to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the applied voltage. By adjusting the voltage supplied to the motor, the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the armature windings can be controlled. According to the principle of electromagnetic induction, the speed of the motor is inversely proportional to the applied voltage. Therefore, reducing the voltage decreases the speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This method is commonly used in applications where a simple and inexpensive speed control mechanism is required.

2. Armature Resistance Control:

Another method to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the armature resistance. By inserting an external resistance in series with the armature windings, the total resistance in the circuit increases. This increase in resistance reduces the armature current, thereby reducing the motor’s speed. Conversely, reducing the resistance increases the armature current and the motor’s speed. However, this method results in significant power loss and reduced motor efficiency due to the dissipation of excess energy as heat in the external resistance.

3. Field Flux Control:

Speed control can also be achieved by controlling the magnetic field strength of the motor’s stator. By altering the field flux, the interaction between the armature current and the magnetic field changes, affecting the motor’s speed. This method can be accomplished by adjusting the field current through the field windings using a field rheostat or by employing a separate power supply for the field windings. By increasing or decreasing the field flux, the speed of the motor can be adjusted accordingly. This method offers good speed regulation and efficiency but requires additional control circuitry.

4. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM):

Pulse Width Modulation is a widely used technique for speed control in DC motors. It involves rapidly switching the applied voltage on and off at a high frequency. The duty cycle, which represents the percentage of time the voltage is on, is varied to control the effective voltage applied to the motor. By adjusting the duty cycle, the average voltage across the motor is modified, thereby controlling its speed. PWM provides precise speed control, high efficiency, and low power dissipation. It is commonly employed in applications such as robotics, industrial automation, and electric vehicles.

5. Closed-Loop Control:

In closed-loop control systems, feedback from the motor’s speed or other relevant parameters is used to regulate the speed. Sensors such as encoders or tachometers measure the motor’s actual speed, which is compared to the desired speed. The difference, known as the error signal, is fed into a control algorithm that adjusts the motor’s input voltage or other control parameters to minimize the error and maintain the desired speed. Closed-loop control provides excellent speed regulation and accuracy, making it suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics and CNC machines.

These methods of speed control provide flexibility and adaptability to various applications, allowing DC motors to be effectively utilized in a wide range of industries and systems.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

Are there innovations or emerging technologies in the field of DC motor design?

Yes, there have been several innovations and emerging technologies in the field of DC (Direct Current) motor design. These advancements aim to improve the performance, efficiency, reliability, and overall capabilities of DC motors. Here’s a detailed explanation of some notable innovations and emerging technologies in DC motor design:

1. Brushless DC Motors:

One significant advancement in DC motor design is the development and widespread adoption of brushless DC motors (BLDC motors). Unlike traditional DC motors that use brushes for commutation, BLDC motors employ electronic commutation through the use of permanent magnets and motor controller circuits. This eliminates the need for brushes, reducing maintenance requirements and improving overall motor efficiency and lifespan. BLDC motors offer higher torque density, smoother operation, better speed control, and improved energy efficiency compared to conventional brushed DC motors.

2. High-Efficiency Materials:

The use of high-efficiency materials in DC motor design has been an area of focus for improving motor performance. Advanced magnetic materials, such as neodymium magnets, have allowed for stronger and more compact motor designs. These materials increase the motor’s power density, enabling higher torque output and improved efficiency. Additionally, advancements in materials used for motor windings and core laminations have reduced electrical losses and improved overall motor efficiency.

3. Power Electronics and Motor Controllers:

Advancements in power electronics and motor control technologies have greatly influenced DC motor design. The development of sophisticated motor controllers and efficient power electronic devices enables precise control of motor speed, torque, and direction. These technologies have resulted in more efficient and reliable motor operation, reduced energy consumption, and enhanced motor performance in various applications.

4. Integrated Motor Systems:

Integrated motor systems combine the motor, motor controller, and associated electronics into a single unit. These integrated systems offer compact designs, simplified installation, and improved overall performance. By integrating the motor and controller, issues related to compatibility and communication between separate components are minimized. Integrated motor systems are commonly used in applications such as robotics, electric vehicles, and industrial automation.

5. IoT and Connectivity:

The integration of DC motors with Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and connectivity has opened up new possibilities for monitoring, control, and optimization of motor performance. By incorporating sensors, actuators, and connectivity features, DC motors can be remotely monitored, diagnosed, and controlled. This enables predictive maintenance, energy optimization, and real-time performance adjustments, leading to improved efficiency and reliability in various applications.

6. Advanced Motor Control Algorithms:

Advanced motor control algorithms, such as sensorless control and field-oriented control (FOC), have contributed to improved performance and efficiency of DC motors. Sensorless control techniques eliminate the need for additional sensors by leveraging motor current and voltage measurements to estimate rotor position. FOC algorithms optimize motor control by aligning the magnetic field with the rotor position, resulting in improved torque and efficiency, especially at low speeds.

These innovations and emerging technologies in DC motor design have revolutionized the capabilities and performance of DC motors. Brushless DC motors, high-efficiency materials, advanced motor control techniques, integrated motor systems, IoT connectivity, and advanced control algorithms have collectively contributed to more efficient, reliable, and versatile DC motor solutions across various industries and applications.

China Custom High-Quality Speed Controller 1268-5403 DC Motor for Powered Pallet Truck 48V 400A   vacuum pump engine	China Custom High-Quality Speed Controller 1268-5403 DC Motor for Powered Pallet Truck 48V 400A   vacuum pump engine
editor by CX 2024-04-26