Product Description

Quick Details

  • Construction: Permanent Magnet
  • Commutation: Brush
  • Speed(RPM): 12V 2200rpm, 220V 2000rpm
  • Continuous Current(A): 12V 1.5A ,220V 0.2A,
  • Output Power: 12V 15W, 220V 28W-32W,
  • Voltage(V): 12V,24V,110V,220V
  • Efficiency: IE 1
  • Packaging & Delivery
    Packaging Details: Carton box with poly foam inside, strong export carton box outside, with pallet
    Delivery Time:15-25 days
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  • Overall Dimensions
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Q: How to order?
A:

Q: How about Sample order?
A: Sample is available for you. please contact us for details. 🙂
    Once we charge you sample fee, please feel easy, it would be refund when you place formal order.
 
Q: Which shipping way is avaliable?
A: DHL, UPS, FedEx, TNT, EMS, China Post,Sea are available.
    The other shipping ways are also available, please contact us if you need ship by the other shipping way. 🙂
 
Q: How long is the deliver[Producing] and shipping?
A: Devliver time depends on the quantity you order. usually it takes 15-25 working days.
    
Q: My package has missing products. What do I do?
A: Please contact our support team and we will confirm your order with the package contents.
    We apologize for any inconveniences. 🙂
 
 
Q: How to confirm the payment?
A: We accept payment by T/T, L/C at sight, the other payment ways also could be accept,
     Please contact us before you pay by the other payment ways. 🙂
     Also 30-50% deposit is available, the balance money should by paid before shipping. 🙂
 
  
Should You Have Any Question More, Please Send Us Inquiry Below; 🙂
Should You Have Any Interested In Our Products & Company, Please Send Us Inquiry Below! 
 
Any information from you are warmly welcomed! 🙂
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Application: Industrial, Household Appliances, Car, Power Tools, Small Electric Product
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Compound
Function: Control, Driving
Casing Protection: Drip-Proof 
Number of Poles: 2
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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dc motor

What is a DC motor, and how does it differ from other types of electric motors?

A DC (Direct Current) motor is an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical motion. It operates based on the principle of electromagnetic induction and the interaction between current-carrying conductors and magnetic fields. DC motors are widely used in various applications due to their simplicity, controllability, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of what a DC motor is and how it differs from other types of electric motors:

1. Basic Operation:

In a DC motor, electrical energy is supplied to the motor’s armature through a DC power source, typically a battery or a rectified power supply. The armature consists of multiple coils or windings that are evenly spaced around the motor’s rotor. The rotor is a cylindrical core with a shaft that rotates when the motor is energized. When current flows through the armature windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the motor’s stator. This interaction generates a torque, causing the rotor to rotate.

2. Commutation:

DC motors employ a commutator and brushes for the conversion of electrical energy and the rotation of the rotor. The commutator consists of a segmented cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft, and the brushes are stationary conductive contacts that make contact with the commutator segments. As the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with the commutator segments, periodically reversing the direction of the current flow in the armature windings. This reversal of current flow in the armature windings ensures continuous rotation of the rotor in the same direction.

3. Types of DC Motors:

DC motors can be classified into different types based on their construction and the method of field excitation. The two main types are:

  • Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a mechanical commutator and brushes to switch the current direction in the armature windings. These motors are relatively simple, cost-effective, and offer good torque characteristics. However, the commutator and brushes require regular maintenance and can generate electrical noise and brush wear debris.
  • Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Brushless DC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs), use electronic circuits and sensors to control the current flow in the motor windings. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators, resulting in reduced maintenance and improved reliability. BLDC motors offer higher efficiency, smoother operation, and better speed control compared to brushed DC motors.

4. Speed Control:

DC motors provide excellent speed control capabilities. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed of the DC motor can be regulated. Lowering the voltage reduces the motor’s speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This feature makes DC motors suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, conveyor systems, and electric vehicles.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages:

DC motors have several advantages, including:

  • Simple construction and easy maintenance (for brushed DC motors).
  • High starting torque.
  • Precise speed control.
  • Good controllability over a wide range of loads.

However, DC motors also have some limitations, such as:

  • Brushed DC motors require periodic maintenance and have limited brush life.
  • Brushed DC motors can generate electrical noise.
  • Brushless DC motors are often more expensive compared to brushed DC motors.

6. Differences from Other Electric Motors:

DC motors differ from other types of electric motors, such as AC (Alternating Current) motors, in several ways:

  • Power Source: DC motors require a DC power source, while AC motors operate from an AC power supply.
  • Speed Control: DC motors offer precise speed control by adjusting the applied voltage, whereas AC motors typically rely on frequency control for speed regulation.
  • Construction: DC motors use a commutator and brushes (in brushed DC motors) or electronic commutation (in brushless DC motors), while AC motors do not require commutation.
  • Starting Torque: DC motors typically provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors.

Overall, DC motors are versatile and widely used in various applications due to their controllability, speed regulation capabilities, and simplicity. The advancements inpower electronics and motor control technologies have further enhanced the performance and efficiency of DC motors, making them a popular choice in many industries.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

What are the environmental implications of using DC motors, particularly in green technologies?

DC (Direct Current) motors offer several environmental benefits when used in green technologies. Their characteristics and operational advantages contribute to reducing environmental impact compared to other motor types. Here’s a detailed explanation of the environmental implications of using DC motors, particularly in green technologies:

1. Energy Efficiency:

DC motors are known for their high energy efficiency. Compared to AC (Alternating Current) motors, DC motors generally have lower energy losses and can convert a larger proportion of electrical input power into mechanical output power. This increased efficiency results in reduced energy consumption, leading to lower greenhouse gas emissions and decreased reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation.

2. Renewable Energy Integration:

DC motors are well-suited for integration with renewable energy sources. Many green technologies, such as solar photovoltaic systems and wind turbines, produce DC power. By utilizing DC motors directly in these systems, the need for power conversion from DC to AC can be minimized, reducing energy losses associated with conversion processes. This integration improves the overall system efficiency and contributes to a more sustainable energy infrastructure.

3. Battery-Powered Applications:

DC motors are commonly used in battery-powered applications, such as electric vehicles and portable devices. The efficiency of DC motors ensures optimal utilization of the limited energy stored in batteries, resulting in extended battery life and reduced energy waste. By utilizing DC motors in these applications, the environmental impact of fossil fuel consumption for transportation and energy storage is reduced.

4. Reduced Emissions:

DC motors, especially brushless DC motors, produce fewer emissions compared to internal combustion engines or motors that rely on fossil fuels. By using DC motors in green technologies, such as electric vehicles or electrically powered equipment, the emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants associated with traditional combustion engines is significantly reduced. This contributes to improved air quality and a reduction in overall carbon footprint.

5. Noise Reduction:

DC motors generally operate with lower noise levels compared to some other motor types. The absence of brushes in brushless DC motors and the smoother operation of DC motor designs contribute to reduced noise emissions. This is particularly beneficial in green technologies like electric vehicles or renewable energy systems, where quieter operation enhances user comfort and minimizes noise pollution in residential or urban areas.

6. Recycling and End-of-Life Considerations:

DC motors, like many electrical devices, can be recycled at the end of their operational life. The materials used in DC motors, such as copper, aluminum, and various magnets, can be recovered and reused, reducing the demand for new raw materials and minimizing waste. Proper recycling and disposal practices ensure that the environmental impact of DC motors is further mitigated.

The use of DC motors in green technologies offers several environmental benefits, including increased energy efficiency, integration with renewable energy sources, reduced emissions, noise reduction, and the potential for recycling and end-of-life considerations. These characteristics make DC motors a favorable choice for sustainable and environmentally conscious applications, contributing to the transition to a greener and more sustainable future.

China Hot selling 24V DC Motor for Massager   a/c vacuum pump		China Hot selling 24V DC Motor for Massager   a/c vacuum pump
editor by CX 2024-05-16