Product Description

Gear motor model:JL-12FN30-107-03205(Product parameter)

 VDCRated Voltage

3.0 VDC

  Stall Torque(Kgf·cm) 0.9
Operating ConditionTempertature Range(ºC) -10~+60 Direction(CW/CCW) CCW
Noload speed(rpm)

205±10% rpm

Noise(L=300mm) dBA


Start torque

≥ Axial gap(mm)

0.02~0.30 mm

Shaft diameter


Start voltage

Onload speec(rpm)

175±10% rpm


Gearbox diameter


Stall Current(A) 3.3    

 Sample Test Repor

Content Standard   Content Standard
Start voltage


  Out length of shaft 4.4±0.2
Noload current


Axial gap 0.02~0.3
Noload speed



Shaft diameter 3
Onload current ≤788mA D-CUT thickness 2.5
Onload speed



D-CUT Iength 3.7±0.1
Start torque





Dirction of rotation CCW Gearbox hight 15±0.3

55dB Max



Smart wearable devices  watch,VR,AR,XR and etc.
Household application kitchen appliances, sewing machines, corn popper, vacuum cleaner, garden tool, sanitary ware, window curtain, intelligent closestool, sweeping robot, power seat, standing desk, electric sofa, TV, computer, treadmill, spyhole, cooker hood, electric drawer, electric mosquito net, intelligent cupboard, intelligent wardrobe, automatic soap dispenser, UV baby bottle sterilizer, lifting hot pot cookware, dishwasher, washing machine, food breaking machine, dryer, air conditioning, dustbin, coffee machine, whisk,smart lock,bread maker,Window cleaning robot and etc.
Communication equipment 5G base station,video conference,mobile phone and etc.
Office automation equipments   scanners, printers, multifunction machines copy machines, fax (FAX paper cutter), computer peripheral, bank machine,  screen, lifting socket,  display,notebook PC and etc.
Automotive products  conditioning damper actuator, car DVD,door lock actuator, retractable rearview mirror, meters, optic axis control device, head light beam level adjuster, car water pump, car antenna, lumbar support, EPB, car tail gate electric putter, HUD, head-up display, vehicle sunroof, EPS, AGS, car window, head restraint, E-booster, car seat, vehicle charging station and etc.
Toys and models  radio control model, automatic cruise control, ride-on toy, educational robot, programming robot, medical robot, automatic feeder, intelligent building blocks, escort robot and etc.
Medical equipments  blood pressure meter, breath machine, medical cleaning pump, medical bed, blood pressure monitors, medical ventilator, surgical staplers, infusion pump, dental instrument, self-clotting cutter, wound cleaning pump for orthopedic surgery,electronic cigarette, eyebrow pencil,fascia gun, , surgical robot,laboratory automation and etc.
Industrials   flow control valves, seismic testing,automatic reclosing,Agricultural unmanned aerial vehicle,automatic feeder ,intelligent express cabinet and etc.
Electric power tools  electric drill, screwdriver,garden tool and etc.
Precision instruments optics instruments,automatic vending machine, wire-stripping machine and etc.
Personal care tooth brush, hair clipper, electric shaver, massager, vibrator, hair dryer, rubdown machine, scissor hair machine, foot grinder,anti-myopia pen, facial beauty equipment, hair curler,Electric threading knife,POWER PERFECT PORE, Puff machine,eyebrow tweezers and etc.
Consumer electronics camera, mobile phone,digital camera, automatic retracting device,camcorder,  kinescope DVD,headphone stereo, cassette tape recorder, bluetooth earbud charging case, turntable, tablet,UAV(unmanned aerial vehicle),surveillance camera,PTZ camera, rotating smart speaker and etc.
Robots educational robot, programming robot, medical robot, escort robot and etc.

Our Services

  • ODM & OEM
  • Gearbox design and development
  • Related technology support
  • Micro drive gearbox custom solution

Packaging & Shipping

1) Packing Details

packed in nylon firstly, then carton, and then reinforced with wooden case for outer packing.
Or according to client’s requirement.

2) Shipping Details

samples will be shipped within 10 days;
batch order leading time according to the actual situation.

We Have passed to hold ISO9001:2015 / ISO14001:2015 and IATF16949:2016 and more…
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Application: Household Appliances
Operating Speed: Constant Speed
Excitation Mode: Excited
Function: Driving
Casing Protection: Open Type
Number of Poles: 3


dc motor

What is a DC motor, and how does it differ from other types of electric motors?

A DC (Direct Current) motor is an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical motion. It operates based on the principle of electromagnetic induction and the interaction between current-carrying conductors and magnetic fields. DC motors are widely used in various applications due to their simplicity, controllability, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of what a DC motor is and how it differs from other types of electric motors:

1. Basic Operation:

In a DC motor, electrical energy is supplied to the motor’s armature through a DC power source, typically a battery or a rectified power supply. The armature consists of multiple coils or windings that are evenly spaced around the motor’s rotor. The rotor is a cylindrical core with a shaft that rotates when the motor is energized. When current flows through the armature windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the motor’s stator. This interaction generates a torque, causing the rotor to rotate.

2. Commutation:

DC motors employ a commutator and brushes for the conversion of electrical energy and the rotation of the rotor. The commutator consists of a segmented cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft, and the brushes are stationary conductive contacts that make contact with the commutator segments. As the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with the commutator segments, periodically reversing the direction of the current flow in the armature windings. This reversal of current flow in the armature windings ensures continuous rotation of the rotor in the same direction.

3. Types of DC Motors:

DC motors can be classified into different types based on their construction and the method of field excitation. The two main types are:

  • Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a mechanical commutator and brushes to switch the current direction in the armature windings. These motors are relatively simple, cost-effective, and offer good torque characteristics. However, the commutator and brushes require regular maintenance and can generate electrical noise and brush wear debris.
  • Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Brushless DC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs), use electronic circuits and sensors to control the current flow in the motor windings. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators, resulting in reduced maintenance and improved reliability. BLDC motors offer higher efficiency, smoother operation, and better speed control compared to brushed DC motors.

4. Speed Control:

DC motors provide excellent speed control capabilities. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed of the DC motor can be regulated. Lowering the voltage reduces the motor’s speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This feature makes DC motors suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, conveyor systems, and electric vehicles.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages:

DC motors have several advantages, including:

  • Simple construction and easy maintenance (for brushed DC motors).
  • High starting torque.
  • Precise speed control.
  • Good controllability over a wide range of loads.

However, DC motors also have some limitations, such as:

  • Brushed DC motors require periodic maintenance and have limited brush life.
  • Brushed DC motors can generate electrical noise.
  • Brushless DC motors are often more expensive compared to brushed DC motors.

6. Differences from Other Electric Motors:

DC motors differ from other types of electric motors, such as AC (Alternating Current) motors, in several ways:

  • Power Source: DC motors require a DC power source, while AC motors operate from an AC power supply.
  • Speed Control: DC motors offer precise speed control by adjusting the applied voltage, whereas AC motors typically rely on frequency control for speed regulation.
  • Construction: DC motors use a commutator and brushes (in brushed DC motors) or electronic commutation (in brushless DC motors), while AC motors do not require commutation.
  • Starting Torque: DC motors typically provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors.

Overall, DC motors are versatile and widely used in various applications due to their controllability, speed regulation capabilities, and simplicity. The advancements inpower electronics and motor control technologies have further enhanced the performance and efficiency of DC motors, making them a popular choice in many industries.

dc motor

How do DC motors compare to AC motors in terms of performance and efficiency?

When comparing DC (Direct Current) motors and AC (Alternating Current) motors, several factors come into play, including performance and efficiency. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors and AC motors compare in terms of performance and efficiency:

1. Performance:

Speed Control: DC motors typically offer better speed control compared to AC motors. DC motors can be easily controlled by varying the voltage applied to the armature, allowing for precise and smooth speed regulation. On the other hand, AC motors rely on complex control methods such as variable frequency drives (VFDs) to achieve speed control, which can be more challenging and costly.

Starting Torque: DC motors generally provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors. The presence of a separate field winding in DC motors allows for independent control of the field current, enabling higher torque during motor startup. AC motors, especially induction motors, typically have lower starting torque, requiring additional starting mechanisms or devices.

Reversibility: DC motors offer inherent reversibility, meaning they can easily change their rotational direction by reversing the polarity of the applied voltage. AC motors, particularly induction motors, require more complex control mechanisms to achieve reversible operation.

Dynamic Response: DC motors have faster dynamic response characteristics compared to AC motors. They can quickly accelerate or decelerate, making them suitable for applications that require rapid changes in speed or precise control, such as robotics or servo systems.

2. Efficiency:

Full Load Efficiency: AC motors, especially three-phase induction motors, generally exhibit higher full load efficiencies compared to DC motors. This efficiency advantage is primarily due to the absence of commutation and the use of a rotating magnetic field in AC motors, which results in reduced energy losses and improved efficiency.

Partial Load Efficiency: DC motors can have higher efficiency at partial loads compared to AC motors. DC motors can be controlled by adjusting the armature voltage, allowing them to operate at reduced power while maintaining relatively high efficiency. AC motors, especially induction motors, may experience reduced efficiency at partial loads due to factors such as increased iron losses and reduced power factor.

Regenerative Braking: DC motors offer the advantage of regenerative braking, where the motor acts as a generator and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during deceleration or braking. This regenerative braking capability allows for energy recovery, increasing overall system efficiency. AC motors typically require additional components or systems to achieve regenerative braking.

Power Factor: AC motors, when properly designed and operated, can have a power factor close to unity. This means that they draw relatively low reactive power from the electrical grid, resulting in improved power system efficiency. DC motors, on the other hand, may exhibit a lower power factor and require power factor correction measures if necessary.

In summary, DC motors and AC motors have their respective strengths and weaknesses in terms of performance and efficiency. DC motors excel in speed control, starting torque, reversibility, and dynamic response. AC motors, particularly three-phase induction motors, generally offer higher full load efficiency and power factor. However, DC motors can achieve higher efficiency at partial loads and have the advantage of regenerative braking. The choice between DC motors and AC motors depends on the specific application requirements, cost considerations, and the desired balance between performance and efficiency.

dc motor

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using DC motors in automotive applications?

DC (Direct Current) motors have been used in automotive applications for many years, although they have been largely replaced by other motor types such as AC (Alternating Current) motors and brushless DC motors in modern vehicles. However, there are still some advantages and disadvantages associated with using DC motors in automotive applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Cost: DC motors tend to be less expensive compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. This cost advantage can make them an attractive option for certain automotive applications, especially in budget-conscious scenarios.

2. Simple Control: DC motors have a relatively simple control system. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed and torque can be easily controlled. This simplicity of control can be advantageous in automotive applications where basic speed control is sufficient.

3. High Torque at Low Speeds: DC motors can provide high torque even at low speeds, making them suitable for applications that require high starting torque or precise low-speed control. This characteristic can be beneficial for automotive applications such as power windows, windshield wipers, or seat adjustments.

4. Compact Size: DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for automotive applications where space is limited. Their small form factor allows for easier integration into tight spaces within the vehicle.

Disadvantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Limited Efficiency: DC motors are typically less efficient compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. They can experience energy losses due to brush friction and electrical resistance, resulting in lower overall efficiency. Lower efficiency can lead to increased power consumption and reduced fuel economy in automotive applications.

2. Maintenance Requirements: DC motors that utilize brushes for commutation require regular maintenance. The brushes can wear out over time and may need to be replaced periodically, adding to the maintenance and operating costs. In contrast, brushless DC motors or AC motors do not have this maintenance requirement.

3. Limited Speed Range: DC motors have a limited speed range compared to other motor types. They may not be suitable for applications that require high-speed operation or a broad range of speed control. In automotive applications where high-speed performance is crucial, other motor types may be preferred.

4. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): DC motors can generate electromagnetic interference, which can interfere with the operation of other electronic components in the vehicle. This interference may require additional measures, such as shielding or filtering, to mitigate its effects and ensure proper functioning of other vehicle systems.

5. Brush Wear and Noise: DC motors that use brushes can produce noise during operation, and the brushes themselves can wear out over time. This brush wear can result in increased noise levels and potentially impact the overall lifespan and performance of the motor.

While DC motors offer certain advantages in terms of cost, simplicity of control, and high torque at low speeds, they also come with disadvantages such as limited efficiency, maintenance requirements, and electromagnetic interference. These factors have led to the adoption of other motor types, such as brushless DC motors and AC motors, in many modern automotive applications. However, DC motors may still find use in specific automotive systems where their characteristics align with the requirements of the application.

China OEM Mini DC Small Gear Motor for Robotics   with Hot selling	China OEM Mini DC Small Gear Motor for Robotics   with Hot selling
editor by CX 2024-05-02